Party Fun Chimera African Violet Experiment Almost Completed

 

PFsplit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On August 1st 2014 (last year) I posted the above picture asking the question if the party was over for this chimera African violet named “Party Fun”.  My point was that I believed it was reverting to the dominate purple color which some chimera African violets do. To see the original blog discussion click here.   So I removed the flower stem with the all purple blooms (on the left hand side of the above image) and tissue cultured it to see what I would get. I produced two plant (below).

PF Plant Ex

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As you can see, and based on close examination of traits they are identical to “Party fun” in every aspect, as the leaves are dark green, quilted that are red reversed.  Also appears this plant will also be a standard in size.  Identical to party fun except the blooms are purple with very slight pink undertones (below).

Ex Bloom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The outcome was no surprise that if a bloom stalk is different then the others the traits in the apical dome of the bloom stalk can be grown out and plants with that color trait will be produced true to the original mutated bloom stalk.  All I am waiting to complete this little experiment are for the plants generated from the bloom stalks of the normal “Party Fun” adjacent to the all purple blooms to demonstrate the normal party fun bloom colors.

Chimera African Violets from Leaf Cuttings?

What is wrong with the below eBay offering?

Chick on image to see the offering.

2 Leaves Leaf Cutting Firedancer Fuchsia Chimera Variegated African Violet Plant eBay Blacked out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are new to Chimera African violets or have considerable experience with them the answer is a singular and resounding NO!  You cannot propagate more chimera African violets from leaf cuttings.  It does not work because it is biologically impossible.  On this site are a few explanations from simple to more complex.

I enjoy and use eBay all the time.  It is the antithesis of the free market with both benefits and some pitfalls as illustrated here.

 

Mauna Loa Six Petals

ML 6 petel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In a previous post, December 1 2014, I discussed an experiment where I grew from a flower stem that had a 7 petal bloom with the intent of trying to see if i can establish a strain of 6 and 7 petal blooms.  Understanding that African violets are dicots and hence petels will be 5 and multiples there of and if you click on the above image it will link you to that blog discussion. (Yes I realize the colors of the blooms are different and that is a function of lighting and camera lens used).  Well I just had another Mauna Loa bloom from that batch, a late bloomer if you will, and of the 4 blooms 3 were 6 petal and one 5.  So not giving up on my conclusion of Dec, I cannot but help myself and will culture out these bloom stems to see if the habit is in fact genetic driven and can be selected out by individual bloom stem.  I will also keep track of petal count as other blooms appear as this plant matures.

Sport of Shimai Described

May of 2014 I described the first flowering of the sport of Shimai.  I then did stem culture on it and produced 3 plants.  All are identical. The blooms do not look exactly like the original bloom (I no longer have the original plant as it was consumed with the fungus issue I had last year) but all are consistent.  Below are a couple of images of the sport of Shimai (F1).  I have three plants of this sport and have in culture the F2 generation.  Of the 3 plants all are consistent in bloom, plant size and leaf type.  The flowers are white, ruffled and have considerable curvature of the bloom, are never flat as depicted in the images below.  The two top petals are a bit larger with a purple stripe with a green underlay of color.  The other 3 petals are purple on a white petal with a very slight green undertone. (Click on the images to enlarge them).  It will be interesting to see if the F2 plants produced are genetically stable and reflect those depicted below.

Sport of Shimai SP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As you can see in the image below, the bloom on the bottom left hand side exhibits the typical alinement of the petals.  They are not in the same plane.

Shim Sport Sacked

 

Sport Of Concord (second bloom)

As I indicated in the January 2015 post Link to that post, one of my Concords sported and produced a bloom that looked very similar to “The Alps”.   The plant is growing with a considerable degree of robustness such that a few months later it grew much larger and bloomed again.  As I pulled the bloom stalks to propagate more plants (F1 ) to determine genotypic and phenotypic stability over the next generation with the first bloom, I left the blooms alone this second bloom to fully ascertain the extent of the bloom size and the colors expressed as the bloom matures.  Historically as I have propagated Concords from bloom stalks I saw a degree of stability such that I was surprised that there was a sport.  Below are the blooms on the second flowering.

Sport of Concord

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The color of this image is very close to the actual plant (actually the images below of the sport is identical to the color looking at the plant live).  I took some effort to assure it was accurately reproduced.  If you compare and contrast between Concord and this sport of Concord the differences are striking, not just with the bloom but with the leaves.  Below are images of bloom and leaf comparisons.  Click on the images to enlarge it.

Blooms Compared

 

 

 

 

 

 

Below is a leaf of Concord and the Sport of Concord.  Note it is a darker green and the lobes on the leaves are more elongated and symmetrical.  Also what is noticeable which is not captured well in the images is that the leaves of the sport appear either more hairy or the hairs on the leaf of the sport are longer.  But the sense is it is hairier.  As always just click on any of the images to get a better look.

Leaves Compared

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chimera African Violet Stem Tissue Culture

There has been interest in the propagation of chimera African violets.  All stem propagation methods depend on the propagation of the shoot apical meristem as the source to the new chimera African violets.  This area is between the stem proper and the leaflets on the stem.  Only plantlets from this area will produce plants true chimera African violets to the parents genotype and phenotype.   The same is true in non-tissue culture stem propagation.  In the below image is a flower stem of Party Fun where two very nice plantlets are growing just above the leaflets of the stem.  (You will need to click on the images below to see the detail) 

PF

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is not atypical and problematic in stem cell tissue culture is the proliferation of viable plantlets of the stem body or just about anywhere else on the stem.  In this image below, you can see two plantlets forming on Humako Sharon (A) & (B) which will most likely be true to the parent.  In the next image below you can see plantlets (C), some of which are the result in callus tissue will not be true to the parent chimera.

Sharon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These plantlets that are forming (C) will not produce viable chimera plantlets because they are not originating from the apical meristem which is located only above the leaflet region on the stem.

Sharon2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April Fools Day 2015

On April 1st 2013 I posted an April Fool bloom April Fools Day 2013. Well obviously that was easy to tell that it was not the “real deal”. How about this beautiful, image below? Real or not? April Fools joke or a chimera that many will want to add to their collection? What do you think? (Images courtesy of J. Miemietz)

blue-dye1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blue-dye2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humako Sweet

I wanted to feature what I consider a chimera African violet that deserves consideration for a place in everyone’s chimera African violet collection.  Last spring I obtained from a 1st rate grower and photographer in Germany a few chimera African violets.  The one that I think stands out is Humako Sweet.  Although you will not find it registered in the AVSA registry list at this time, and I know for some folks that grow to show that point is a hindrance, but in my opinion this is an exceptional plant.  It has a very strong habit to be symmetrical, leaves are dark green, are ovate and quilted.  The plant is standard in size.  The image below rather accurately depicts the color and shade of the bloom.  I cannot delineate exactly what is so striking about the bloom, perhaps because it is a little different in color and shade from the many chimeras out there.  I enjoy it.  I hope you do to.  Click on image to enlarge.

Sweet2

 

Rob’s Monkeyshines Sport

The below image is one of the many faces of  Rob’s Monkyeshines (AVSA Reg # 7893) blooms.  Click here to see my other blog post describing this blooming oddity.

Monkey Shine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the process of propagating some additional Monkyshine plants, one of the plants “sported”  resulting in the entire plant blooming with bloom, that unlike Rob’s Monkyeshines  pattern variability, these blooms were constant but looked very different.  See image below.  The blue fantasy is devoid on the bloom with a strong purple coloration and a faded white stripe.  The leaves remain the same, medium green, quilted and serrated and the plant is semi-miniature.   Based on the flower coloration I would suspect this is also a chimera.  I should be able to demonstrate that by stem and leaf propagation.  Generally speaking this bloom is not particularly attractive and I am still debating if I should dispatch the plant to the compost heap or try and propagate the flower stems.

MS1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postscript: It was dispatched to the compost heap.

Concord Sport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above image is a sport of Concord.  The bloom stalks that produced the above plant and below plant (true Concord) were taken from the same parent plant.  All the plants produced from the other bloom stalks of the parent look like the standard Concord depicted below.  This one sport (above) was discovered.  Exact pattern, the leaves, their shape, color, the flower stalk are all identical to Concord (Horikoshi/Ozaki 10/3/1992) Reg#7807.  The only difference is the diminished intensity of the true Concord purple stripe.  The color reminds me of “The Alps”.   I will propagate the stems on this sport to see if this is genetically stable.  The bloom above was photographed on the 1st day it opened.  The bloom below of the standard Concord is now 5 days into it flowering and will be a bit larger and the petals will be a bit more extended.

Standard Concord

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The below image is the Sport of Concord two weeks after the first bloom.  The only phenotypic trait I can detect as different from the standard Concord is the light purple coloration and slightly larger blooms.  Everything else appears to be identical to Concord.

Sport of Concord

 

Interesting African Violet Links Added

Just a note, I updated and reconfigured the old “Blogroll” and it is now called “Interesting  African Violet Links”.  It is located on the right side of the blog under the search box.  Unlike the Blogroll it is expandable so many more Chimera and African violet web sites links of interest will be added.  It is sorted by category with relevant links below each category.  Below each category title is a brief description of the category in black type.     I will be updating the list on a regular basis as I find different chimera and regular African violet websites I think we will find interesting and inspiring with an attempt to focus on chimera African violets.  I have seen so may sites including wonderful ones from people that have contacted me through this blog.  Some I could not find the link as I lost the list I had of them.  So please feel free to e-mail me with suggestions for interesting African violet and chimera African violet links.

Links Post

 

Mauna Loa 6-7 Petal Experiment Results

As follow up to a blog I posted on September 1st 2013 and to satisfy my own curiosity, I conducted an experiment where I tissue cultured the flower stalk of the bloom pictured in that blog . That bloom was on a flower stalk that also was filled with 6 petal blooms and no 5 petal blooms.  . Click here to see the original image and discussion. 

036

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above and below images are the outcome.  Not only were there no 7 petal bloom there were no 6 petal blooms (except for one bloom).  All that was produced on this plant being shown and the other plant produced was a nice Mauna Loa 5 petal dicot plant.   It appears the variability in petal count that occurs in non- double or semi-double blooms is just a variable that exists,  I guess similar to the chimeras bloom (or for that matter any African violet bloom) where shade or color variance which occurs is the result of environmental influences such as heat, light and water condition and not a function of genetics.

010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As is evident all but one bloom is a 5 count.  There is one that has six which is typical with this cultivar.  This is the first blooming of this plant. Conclusion; this observed characteristic is not a genetic trait like a double or semi-double bloom that can easily be breed in or out of a plant.

Now please note, the above images and text were prepared about 2 weeks ago.  The Image below appeared a few days ago prior to the 1st of December. (few days prior to publication of this posting)

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There it is again (above), a 7 petal bloom.  Now my conclusion has not changed but the question is can individual plant lines within a cultivator have a greater propensity to express a unique trait (like an occasional 7 petal bloom) over a different line in the same cultivator?